Mayura Water Palace
Mayura Water Palace stands, or rather floats, near Jalan Selaparang in Lombok. This waterborne, open-sided hall is located in a beautiful artificial lake, surrounded by a garden with rows of carefully cultivated mangosteen trees. The palace is surrounded with a low stone wall decorated with fanciful carvings of animals.
Built in 1744 by King A. A. Made Ngurah Karang Asem of Bali, Mayura Water Palace is a small example of the Balinese bale kambang (floating pavilion) architecture. The palace floats on an artificial lake, joined to the shore by a causeway. The palace was once part of the holdings of the princes of Bali, who used it as a court of law and a meeting hall. During the era when the Balinese princes ruled the island, Mayura was the administrative and political center of Lombok.
In 1894, when the Balinese and Dutch colonizers fought for the control of Lombok, Mayura Water Palace was the location of some of the fiercest fighting. A few old Dutch cannons are still on the site. Today the palace has once again become the quiet retreat that it was in the princes' day, although locals occasionally hold cockfights on the palace grounds. Guided tours of the palace and its grounds are available for a small fee.
Just across the road from the palace is Mayura Temple, the largest Balinese temple in Lombok, which was also constructed by Balinese royalty. The temple was built in 1720 and still serves Hindu worshipers, with temple festivals every full moon and on special occasions.